In the Tver region found giant prehistoric complex
Not far from the Moscow expedition of the newspaper "Caravan+I" found a huge prehistoric complex of forty-four buildings, the antiquity of which dates back to antediluvian Hyperborea. Found a complex…

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What would Notre Dame, order it today
Almost every one of us loves to dream, would like to look into the future. How might religious buildings if they were built today? For example, Notre Dame let's consider…

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Underground structures is
Underground facilities — (a. underground structures; B. unterirdische Bauwerke; f. ouvrages souterrains; I. instalaciones subterraneas) prom. c. x. cultural, defense and utilities are created in the array horn. rocks under…

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Gothic in England: the Church

The first major building to use to cover the main space was applied ribbed arch was the Romanesque Cathedral in Darema (1093-1140 years).

During the penetration of the Gothic style in England in some English cities already towered Romanesque cathedrals, the dimensions of which exceed the needs of the few then of the urban population. Therefore, with the exception of a number of new (Salisbury, Lincoln) and radically reconstructed (York) constructions of Gothic clothing in favor of new influences were superimposed on a pre-existing Romanesque core (Winchester, Chichester, Gloucester).

The development of wool production and the increased export of wool contributed to the emergence of a number of new cities. They had many churches which manifest such characteristics of English Gothic, as the flat end towers and a rectangular apse.

Unlike France, where in a small rural parish churches and often repeats the composition of the largest cathedrals in England these churches are its own type, and the emphasis is placed not on the Central tower (above the crossing), and in the axial tower above the Western facade. Continue reading

Baalbek – abandoned spaceport ancient or unfinished?

According to researchers, the history of Baalbek can be traced back to the construction of the temple of Baal (Baal) is an ancient Phoenician deity. His name is still in the name of Baalbek. After the destruction of the temple by the earthquake he was restored by the Egyptians as a temple of the Sun, and with the advent of the Greeks got Baalbek ancient name Heliopolis – city of the Sun.

In the era of the Roman Empire, the Sun temple was rebuilt in the temple of Jupiter, near to which were built the temples of Bacchus and Venus. During the Byzantine Empire, the pagan temples were transformed into Christian, then came the era of Arab minarets, then came the crusaders, the Turks and the Mongols. Ancient temples were plundered, rebuilt, dismantled for use as building material and many times suffered from strong earthquakes.

Baalbek today is a small Lebanese village, and the eponymous temple complex lies in ruins nearby. But even what has survived to our times, is impressive and staggering. Continue reading

Replacement spans
The metal superstructure of small lengths, as a rule, replaced with the assistance of jib, gateway, and console consolability taps under the guise of "Windows" in movement of trains. This…


The most beautiful Gothic cathedrals in France
Gothic architecture replaced the Romanesque and developed on the basis of Burgundy. There is evidence that in the early XII century the master of the Abbey of Saint-Denis near Paris…