Toruń-gingerbread capital of Poland
Torun since 1997 included in the World heritage list of UNESCO. The city has many monuments of the middle ages and the 20th century. The city is known for its…

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On the moon found the ancient city and the old UFO base
Ken Johnston and Richard Hoagland said that U.S. astronauts found on the moon the ruins of ancient cities and artifacts that speak of the existence in the distant past of…

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In the Tver region found giant prehistoric complex
Not far from the Moscow expedition of the newspaper "Caravan+I" found a huge prehistoric complex of forty-four buildings, the antiquity of which dates back to antediluvian Hyperborea. Found a complex…

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old

Gothic in England: the Church

The first major building to use to cover the main space was applied ribbed arch was the Romanesque Cathedral in Darema (1093-1140 years).

During the penetration of the Gothic style in England in some English cities already towered Romanesque cathedrals, the dimensions of which exceed the needs of the few then of the urban population. Therefore, with the exception of a number of new (Salisbury, Lincoln) and radically reconstructed (York) constructions of Gothic clothing in favor of new influences were superimposed on a pre-existing Romanesque core (Winchester, Chichester, Gloucester).

The development of wool production and the increased export of wool contributed to the emergence of a number of new cities. They had many churches which manifest such characteristics of English Gothic, as the flat end towers and a rectangular apse.

Unlike France, where in a small rural parish churches and often repeats the composition of the largest cathedrals in England these churches are its own type, and the emphasis is placed not on the Central tower (above the crossing), and in the axial tower above the Western facade. Continue reading

Old bridges are best

Recently in the world suddenly “showered” bridges. Capital buildings literally fall down like a house of cards. Though all these emergency happened far away, Willy-nilly, think about it, how is it? Isn’t it time to start getting scared, as soon as the car window or bus appear protective railing of one of the Kharkov bridges?

About this question we turned to the experts of the organization, which is most of the “air” pedestrian and vehicular paths of our city, – KP “Dorremstroy”.

“A sore point” – joints

– In General, the state of Kharkiv bridges satisfactory . – says the chief engineer of KP “Dorremstroy” Dmitry Vlasenko . – Bridge – it is a durable structure that can stand and 70-80, and 100 years. In Kharkov there wasn’t a single bridge, which would need to be dismantled due to poor condition of bearing designs. All these are normal, it is necessary to change only expansion joints and asphalt. And if on the road it can just “grow” on top, then the bridges need to completely remove the old layer to prevent design overhead. As it turned out, according to experts, many bridges built before the war or after the war, is in better condition than new buildings. The cases that the old bridges have been built with slightly different design: they are solid, without joints. According to Dmitry Vlasenko . the main “sore spot” of all modern local bridge expansion joints. Periodically these metal “ties” between the parts of the bridge need to be changed, because over time they begin to leak. Continue reading

The Gothic structure
Interest in the Gothic woke up at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries not only in England but also on the other end of Europe – Czech Republic.…

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In the biblical lake have discovered a mysterious structure
In Israel located in the lake of Gennesaret, which, according to the gospel, were engaged in fishery, the apostles Peter and Andrew, found a giant stone design age about four…

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