One of the prerequisites for an objective and comprehensive assessment of any historical and architectural phenomenon, such as a specific historical type of buildings, stylistic trends, regional schools, and even individual structures of the ensemble or, as is well known, considering it in the context of the major trends and tendencies of development of world architecture. The Gothic buildings on territorii of Ukraine are striking in their beauty, it’s like a well-maintained site on the well-groomed body, as laser hair removal in the middle of the bristles.
The most common in the study of the architecture of the performance, the artistic value of old buildings should include, in particular, their place in the overall process of formation and evolution of historical styles. The traditional attention of researchers to this aspect of the history of art of construction is caused, first of all, the universality of processes of the style of education that explicitly or implicitly permeates almost all parts of material and spiritual culture – from literature and philosophy to the organization of internal space of buildings. Continue reading
Stonehenge — the most famous of the megaliths — for centuries stirred the imagination of people. But thousands more not less mysterious prehistoric stone “sphinxes”, is puzzling to the researchers, scattered around the world. Many of these mysterious structures and on the territory of Russia. Alexander Gay, a prominent Russian expert on Eneolithic and bronze age in South-Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, I am sure: there is not enough for one generation.
What are the megaliths and how they differ from each other?
Constructions from huge stones, slabs and blocks were erected by different peoples and in different epochs. The pyramids of Egypt or the temple in Belbek — also megaliths. Just call them so is not accepted. Megalithic research and in wide use called, usually stone monuments of prehistoric peoples who have not reached the level of barbarity or civilization.
In France, on the Atlantic coast — the whole field from thousands of these megaliths, built in parallel rows for miles. In addition, the megaliths are of different types: Nordic seids, the Nuraghe of Sardinia, the Atlantic corridor of the tomb of Europe, which is often now called in Breton Karami; menhirs — standing stones-stelae; stone circles — stone circles; dolmens — tombs with pillars or walls of verticalnaya, usually covered with a flat roof. Continue reading
Many have heard about the huge blocks of which are composed of an Egyptian pyramid, a smaller number know about the giant blocks were laid in the Foundation of the temple of Jupiter in the Lebanese city of Baalbek. However, with the fact that in ancient times there were certain ways of stone processing, is not available to the contemporaries are willing to accept very many.
Some common assumptions about how the people of ancient times were able to create as smooth blocks, thus having a Titanic mass can be divided into two: the influence of aliens or the existence of an advanced civilization of antiquity. Both assumptions are questionable.
However, everything in order. Let’s first consider the cases which cause confusion among historians and technical specialists. Besides those already mentioned pyramids and the Temple of Jupiter stands out the Aswan obelisk. This huge structure of antiquity was never completed because they were broken.
The scale is really impressive. What he carved on the spot, has given historians a reason to believe that also came with the most tremendous object is initially created at the quarry, then transported. Continue reading