Secret methods of stone treatment ancient times revealed
Many have heard about the huge blocks of which are composed of an Egyptian pyramid, a smaller number know about the giant blocks were laid in the Foundation of the…

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What would Notre Dame, order it today
Almost every one of us loves to dream, would like to look into the future. How might religious buildings if they were built today? For example, Notre Dame let's consider…

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The most beautiful Gothic cathedrals in France
Gothic architecture replaced the Romanesque and developed on the basis of Burgundy. There is evidence that in the early XII century the master of the Abbey of Saint-Denis near Paris…

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Gothic in England: the Church

The first major building to use to cover the main space was applied ribbed arch was the Romanesque Cathedral in Darema (1093-1140 years).

During the penetration of the Gothic style in England in some English cities already towered Romanesque cathedrals, the dimensions of which exceed the needs of the few then of the urban population. Therefore, with the exception of a number of new (Salisbury, Lincoln) and radically reconstructed (York) constructions of Gothic clothing in favor of new influences were superimposed on a pre-existing Romanesque core (Winchester, Chichester, Gloucester).

The development of wool production and the increased export of wool contributed to the emergence of a number of new cities. They had many churches which manifest such characteristics of English Gothic, as the flat end towers and a rectangular apse.

Unlike France, where in a small rural parish churches and often repeats the composition of the largest cathedrals in England these churches are its own type, and the emphasis is placed not on the Central tower (above the crossing), and in the axial tower above the Western facade. Continue reading

Old bridges are best

Recently in the world suddenly “showered” bridges. Capital buildings literally fall down like a house of cards. Though all these emergency happened far away, Willy-nilly, think about it, how is it? Isn’t it time to start getting scared, as soon as the car window or bus appear protective railing of one of the Kharkov bridges?

About this question we turned to the experts of the organization, which is most of the “air” pedestrian and vehicular paths of our city, – KP “Dorremstroy”.

“A sore point” – joints

– In General, the state of Kharkiv bridges satisfactory . – says the chief engineer of KP “Dorremstroy” Dmitry Vlasenko . – Bridge – it is a durable structure that can stand and 70-80, and 100 years. In Kharkov there wasn’t a single bridge, which would need to be dismantled due to poor condition of bearing designs. All these are normal, it is necessary to change only expansion joints and asphalt. And if on the road it can just “grow” on top, then the bridges need to completely remove the old layer to prevent design overhead. As it turned out, according to experts, many bridges built before the war or after the war, is in better condition than new buildings. The cases that the old bridges have been built with slightly different design: they are solid, without joints. According to Dmitry Vlasenko . the main “sore spot” of all modern local bridge expansion joints. Periodically these metal “ties” between the parts of the bridge need to be changed, because over time they begin to leak. Continue reading

The Petersburg defenses during the great Patriotic
After unsuccessful attempts of German troops to take the city by storm in the autumn of 1941. the front line was stabilized along the line of Uritsk - Pulkovo heights…

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Underground structures is
Underground facilities — (a. underground structures; B. unterirdische Bauwerke; f. ouvrages souterrains; I. instalaciones subterraneas) prom. c. x. cultural, defense and utilities are created in the array horn. rocks under…

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