Many have heard about the huge blocks of which are composed of an Egyptian pyramid, a smaller number know about the giant blocks were laid in the Foundation of the temple of Jupiter in the Lebanese city of Baalbek. However, with the fact that in ancient times there were certain ways of stone processing, is not available to the contemporaries are willing to accept very many.
Some common assumptions about how the people of ancient times were able to create as smooth blocks, thus having a Titanic mass can be divided into two: the influence of aliens or the existence of an advanced civilization of antiquity. Both assumptions are questionable.
However, everything in order. Let’s first consider the cases which cause confusion among historians and technical specialists. Besides those already mentioned pyramids and the Temple of Jupiter stands out the Aswan obelisk. This huge structure of antiquity was never completed because they were broken.
The scale is really impressive. What he carved on the spot, has given historians a reason to believe that also came with the most tremendous object is initially created at the quarry, then transported. Continue reading
The term “Gothic” is more conventional than “Romanesque art”. It originated in Italy during the Renaissance, when we naively thought that the shape of Lancet arches of medieval architecture evolved from ancient forms of tents ready, supposedly just connecting the crown of trees growing nearby. In this term invested at the same time contempt for all the arts of the middle ages, for the Italians of the Renaissance that invaded the Roman Empire during the “great migration of peoples” the Goths, who founded on its ruins the Kingdom, was always the epitome of barbarism. Subsequently, when related to architecture of the middle ages has changed drastically, this term was retained to refer to late medieval art.
In most European countries the heyday of the Gothic back to XIII—XIV century. Typical for this time is the rapid growth and prosperity of cities. Creative activity now shifts from the monasteries into the hands of the secular masters, combining shop-floor organization.
Architecture . The architecture has developed a distinctive, extremely logical system designs and décor. This system has developed most fully revealed in the construction of large urban cathedrals in France, where he first formed the Gothic style, voshodjaschie to the first half of the XII century. These cathedrals were the pride of towns and, apart from their direct religious purposes, was often used in a secular view for public meetings of citizens. Continue reading
The Church of the Vladimir icon of the Mother of God (Nativity of Christ) in Bykovo estate was built in 1789 By one, the most common and authoritative version, the project it belongs to V. I. Bazhenov, on the other – or M. F. Kazakov, A. N. Bokarev.
Bazhenov (perhaps together with Kazakov) propisyvaetsya the whole ensemble of the estate of Senator and Governor of Moscow and the Moscow province M. M. Izmailov, who in 1762 was promoted to the suburban village.
The Palace Church in the village of Bykovo is known since the beginning of the XVII century, then it was wooden, Kletsky type. In 1704 here at the Palace founded a stone Church of the Nativity of Christ.
The new owner of the estate, Mikhail Mikhailovich Izmailov, decided to build in Bikov the new Church, and in 1789 carried out this intention.
White stone Church in the style of Russian Gothic (or Gothic revival) has worthy counterparts in the temple architecture of Moscow, and, perhaps, in the Church architecture of Russia. Continue reading