Stonehenge — the most famous of the megaliths — for centuries stirred the imagination of people. But thousands more not less mysterious prehistoric stone “sphinxes”, is puzzling to the researchers, scattered around the world. Many of these mysterious structures and on the territory of Russia. Alexander Gay, a prominent Russian expert on Eneolithic and bronze age in South-Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, I am sure: there is not enough for one generation.
What are the megaliths and how they differ from each other?
Constructions from huge stones, slabs and blocks were erected by different peoples and in different epochs. The pyramids of Egypt or the temple in Belbek — also megaliths. Just call them so is not accepted. Megalithic research and in wide use called, usually stone monuments of prehistoric peoples who have not reached the level of barbarity or civilization.
In France, on the Atlantic coast — the whole field from thousands of these megaliths, built in parallel rows for miles. In addition, the megaliths are of different types: Nordic seids, the Nuraghe of Sardinia, the Atlantic corridor of the tomb of Europe, which is often now called in Breton Karami; menhirs — standing stones-stelae; stone circles — stone circles; dolmens — tombs with pillars or walls of verticalnaya, usually covered with a flat roof. Continue reading
Many have heard about the huge blocks of which are composed of an Egyptian pyramid, a smaller number know about the giant blocks were laid in the Foundation of the temple of Jupiter in the Lebanese city of Baalbek. However, with the fact that in ancient times there were certain ways of stone processing, is not available to the contemporaries are willing to accept very many.
Some common assumptions about how the people of ancient times were able to create as smooth blocks, thus having a Titanic mass can be divided into two: the influence of aliens or the existence of an advanced civilization of antiquity. Both assumptions are questionable.
However, everything in order. Let’s first consider the cases which cause confusion among historians and technical specialists. Besides those already mentioned pyramids and the Temple of Jupiter stands out the Aswan obelisk. This huge structure of antiquity was never completed because they were broken.
The scale is really impressive. What he carved on the spot, has given historians a reason to believe that also came with the most tremendous object is initially created at the quarry, then transported. Continue reading
Some species are solitary insects that build shelters for themselves and their offspring, live in the soil. This is due not only the development of certain building instincts, and the appearance of specific morphological structures. In this respect, the remarkable mole cricket. Their front legs turned into a typical digging organs with which insects perform a large amount of excavation. Suffice it to say that the ordinary mole cricket prokativaet underground a network of branched passages at a depth of 10-20 cm in the summer and in the winter deepens to 1 M. With this activity of mole crickets is associated with its Latin name, which translated into Russian language means “cricket-mole”.
Many species of wasps construct few combs. They are often located in tiers one under the other. In this case, the first is based top cells. As more families and expanding the nest to the first cell using the legs is attached the second hundred, etc. the Nesting structure of this type is characteristic of the genera spring, parvispora, polybia, etc. Some intermediate position between single-stage and multistage arrangement of cells is the nesting design of the concentric type, such as, for example, OS nectarine, inhabiting the tropical parts of South America. Honeycombs in the nests of these wasps have an Orb C shaped. The cells are strengthened on the common base constituting the spiral sakrusenergo nests. Continue reading