The Gothic quarter of Barcelona . located in the historical and geographical center of the capital of the Autonomous region of Catalonia, in plan is a rectangle with sides approximately 1.2 0.5 km From the East his limits Laetana street, from the South-West of the Ramblas, towards the North-West boundary adjoins an area of Catalonia, the South-Eastern coast is washed by the Mediterranean sea. Here is concentrated the political, cultural, and tourist life in Barcelona: in St. James, seat of the city government and the provincial churches, restaurants and open air musicians, singers and dancers. Thousands of tourists are dissolved in the narrow streets of the medieval quarter, visit the museums, stay for a long time in stores and have a rest after a successful shopping spree in a cafe.
How built up the quarter
Not all objects of the Gothic quarter appeared here in the Middle ages, in the heyday of the Union of the States of the Aragonese crown, an important part of which was the Principality of Catalonia. Continue reading
Integrated development of underground space is a natural process of modern urban development. The shortage of land in Metropolitan areas encourages urban planners around the world to find a way for the development of territories. The reorganization of the depressed areas – industrial and obsolete housing blocks – the most obvious in this sense the decision. Not less associated with high-rise, as well as underground construction.
Global urban studies the potential uses of the underground spaces with great success. In Russia, an avid fan of such ideas, for example, was the former mayor of Moscow Yuri Luzhkov. However, the new Metropolitan government, as you know, chose a different strategy of development of the city based on the accession of new lands.
We go for examples
The share of underground facilities in the developed countries reaches a quarter of the total area of commissioned facilities. The unequivocal leader in this indicator is Canada, the cities which have a huge dungeon mastered, employed as infrastructure facilities and various public areas. For example, in Montreal created a total of around 12 million square meters of underground facilities in Toronto – at least 6 million sq. m. European metropolises – Helsinki, Munich, Paris and others also have their own underground extrapolation. Continue reading
Megaliths (from the Greek. μέγας – Large, λίθος – Stone) – prehistoric structures of large stone blocks, joined without cement or mortar. In the limiting case that one module ( the menhir ).
1. General information
The term “megalith” was proposed in 1849 by the English Explorer A. H. in the book Cyclops Christianus”, and in 1867 formally adopted at the Congress in Paris .
The term is not exhaustive, so the definition of megaliths and megalithic structures are subject to the rather vague group of buildings. In particular, megatama called the hewn stones of large dimensions   . including and is not used for the construction of tombs and monuments . .
A separate group are megalithic structures, that is, the objects largely consist of megaliths. They are distributed worldwide. In Europe, for example, is the Stonehenge. facilities of Cretan-Mycenaean culture, or Egypt. In South America – Machu Picchu. Puma Points. Ollantaitambo. Hacks. Sacsayhuaman. Of Tiwanaku. Continue reading