The water delivery. Types of water intake facilities
Water delivery of a set of measures to provide water to the population, industrial enterprises, transport and other consumers. The choice of type of water intake facilities and their position…

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Amiens Cathedral. France
The term "Gothic" is more conventional than "Romanesque art". It originated in Italy during the Renaissance, when we naively thought that the shape of Lancet arches of medieval architecture evolved…

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Georgia. Batumi
Batumi as any city located in a subtropical climate, has a special exotic. It is located on the coast of the Black sea (Pontus Euxine, or the Sea of Hospitality,…

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Vladimirskaya Church

The Church of the Vladimir icon of the Mother of God (Nativity of Christ) in Bykovo estate was built in 1789 By one, the most common and authoritative version, the project it belongs to V. I. Bazhenov, on the other – or M. F. Kazakov, A. N. Bokarev.

Bazhenov (perhaps together with Kazakov) propisyvaetsya the whole ensemble of the estate of Senator and Governor of Moscow and the Moscow province M. M. Izmailov, who in 1762 was promoted to the suburban village.

The Palace Church in the village of Bykovo is known since the beginning of the XVII century, then it was wooden, Kletsky type. In 1704 here at the Palace founded a stone Church of the Nativity of Christ.

The new owner of the estate, Mikhail Mikhailovich Izmailov, decided to build in Bikov the new Church, and in 1789 carried out this intention.

White stone Church in the style of Russian Gothic (or Gothic revival) has worthy counterparts in the temple architecture of Moscow, and, perhaps, in the Church architecture of Russia. Continue reading

What would Notre Dame, order it today

Almost every one of us loves to dream, would like to look into the future. How might religious buildings if they were built today? For example, Notre Dame let’s consider what would have happened if the American, Japanese, Russian and, of course, French architects, if they built the temple today or in the near future.

But first, let’s priotkroem mystery built in the 13th century Cathedral. Notre-Dame de Paris was built during a different century architects and builders. The Cathedral is designed in the Gothic style, which was quite bold for its time, as the dominant style in architecture was of the Romanesque style. The Italian Bohemians who invented the word “Gothic” mockingly called them, architectural direction, incomprehensible and alien to them.

Though Gothic style and adopted some approaches of Romanesque architecture, but at the same time creatively re-interpreted them. The Gothic style succeeded the Romanesque rid of the inertia and heaviness of materials. Gothic cathedrals are two to three times higher than the Romanesque, they soar high. Notre Dame is a great confirmation of this. The Cathedral’s height of 70 meters, length – 130 meters, the Cathedral can last up to 9 thousand worshippers at a time. Surprisingly, the greatest work of iskusstvoznanie rather primitive construction methods and simple equipment. Continue reading

The Petersburg defenses during the great Patriotic

After unsuccessful attempts of German troops to take the city by storm in the autumn of 1941. the front line was stabilized along the line of Uritsk – Pulkovo heights – Kolpino – Bank of the Neva river (at Ust – Izhora), and further, on the left Bank of the river. As so often in our history, this front line was based on the unique capabilities of the Russian soldier, and if contained, it is practically the only field firing facilities. Not having prepared lines of defence, the city was left almost defenseless in the event of a possible breakout to the established front line, another thing that sufficient forces for this, the exhausted Germans were gone.

The construction of fortifications began in July 1941. line: Gulf of Finland – village No. 3 – station Predportovaya – Circular railway – Fishing – Utkina Zavod – Sosnovka station Rzhevskaya – New Village – the Old Village – the Gulf of Finland.

During the period 1941-1944. by the engineering units of the Leningrad front and the inhabitants of the city were built two lines of defense. The inner defensive line along the banks of the bypass channel, and the external – on the then outskirts of the city, between the banks of the Gulf of Finland and Neva river. In the southern and South-Western sectors linealbany this took place on the territory of the five modern regions of the city: Kirovsky, Leninsky, Moskovsky, Frunzensky and Nevsky. Continue reading

The Gothic Cathedral as the image of the world
The thought of the divine beauty of the universe as the basis of the synthesis frame structure, statue, light and colors (stained glass) In which town in Western Europe we…


Underground structures is
Underground facilities — (a. underground structures; B. unterirdische Bauwerke; f. ouvrages souterrains; I. instalaciones subterraneas) prom. c. x. cultural, defense and utilities are created in the array horn. rocks under…