The most beautiful Gothic cathedrals in France
Gothic architecture replaced the Romanesque and developed on the basis of Burgundy. There is evidence that in the early XII century the master of the Abbey of Saint-Denis near Paris…

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The Gothic structure
Interest in the Gothic woke up at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries not only in England but also on the other end of Europe – Czech Republic.…

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The Gothic structure
Interest in the Gothic woke up at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries not only in England but also on the other end of Europe – Czech Republic.…

Continue reading →

Stonehenge

Mysterious ancient constructions of the East and Mesoamerica seems a little fantastic, perhaps because of their exoticism. Skeptics can “grasp” that idea and declare that ancient temples of the Mayans and the Sumerians simply because seem to be something supernatural that belong to alien cultures, but because we (Caucasians in this case) perceive them “his” perspective and can’t objectively assess the level of development of ancient civilizations. Perhaps this is so. But, referring to mental differences cannot explain the mystery no less remarkable buildings in Europe, of Course, is that we have not figured out their purpose and do not understand how our ancestors were able to create a similar, possessing only primitive technologies that does not give us the right to declare them the work of extraterrestrial civilizations. However, there are no other scientifically based theory, this assumption cannot be discounted.

Example of mysterious ancient structures in Europe can serve as Stonehenge.

Stonehenge, the ancient cyclopean building, located in the South of England and fully visible only from a great height. Stonehenge is systemcontentfile circles with a diameter of more than a hundred meters, delineated the shafts, holes and large stones-megaliths. The most amazing part of Stonehenge – five “trilithons”, double stone blocks, covered with heavy plates. Pyatidesyatiletiya blocks trilithons set in the heart of the building and in plan resemble a horseshoe. Not less impressive is “Sarsenova ring” (Sarsen – mineral) covering a set of trilithons on all sides. The stone ring smaller seven-meter height – weigh “only” 25 tons

In March 1996 the society “English heritage” published the results of a thorough two-year study of Stonehenge using the latest methods of mathematical analysis and the most modern technique of radiocarbon samples, giving an accuracy of 80 years. Based on this latest research, the construction of Stonehenge have been dated to approximately the year 2965 BC. In the result of a careful study of the structures of Stonehenge archaeologists have found that its layout during its existence has changed several times. At a very early stage has been built what is called the “fence” (henge) stones laid in a circle with a diameter of over 300 feet (100 m) with a moat and embankment around. At this early stage was laid the most remarkable feature of Stonehenge: four base stones placed in a circle, form a rectangle and serve as indicative markers for monitoring the 19-year-old one-year cycle of the moon! The original “fence” has remained largely unchanged for the next 300 years, but then there have been a number of changes. At Stonehenge were brought from Wales, over 250 miles, 80 stones of bluish-gray Sandstone, each weighing 4 tons, and placed a double ring around pits Q and R inside the “fence”. When these stones were set here for the first time formed a “stone fence” (stone henge) in the literal sense of the word.

However, it remains unclear whether the completed construction of the stone rings because approximately 2665 years BC (±7%) of the builders have passed to essentially new project. Bluish-gray stones have been removed and replaced with huge boulders of Sandstone, called “Sarsen”. These blocks were somehow transported from Marlborough downs, the area, which lies 12 miles to the North, smuggled across the river and raised by the slope. Then they were placed so that they formed the Sarsen Ring, consisting of upright stones connected on top of the horizontal stone slabs. After the construction of the Sarsen Ring builders have created a giant mound, called the Avenue, which stretches for two miles from the entrance to the ring to the river Avon. No one has yet explained why such a long mound. Apparently, at the same time was erected a 35-ton stone known as the Heelstone. This stone with a height of 16 feet (3.3 m), 4 feet (1.3 m) buried in the ground, installed at a distance of 100 ft (33,3 m) from the basket in front of him and forms a line towards the sunrise during the summer solstice. Then I had a break in 400 years, after which the builders, for some reasons unknown to us, decided to move to Stonehenge an even more ambitious stones. Inside the Ring of Sarsen were erected installed in the shape of a horseshoe of five pairs of huge stones, connected by top cross .horizontal plates. The age of these giant stone gate (Trifonov) height 13 ft (4.3 m), which is most famous for Stonehenge, is calculated from the year 2270 (± 7%). Some of them now are in excellent condition.It is supposed that at about this same time there was carried out the relocation to the new axis, oriented towards the summer solstice. In this regard, directly behind the fence was erected the target of two stones and the Heel stone was shifted slightly to the East so that it does not interfere with the observations along the line of the target.

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