The Church of the Vladimir icon of the Mother of God (Nativity of Christ) in Bykovo estate was built in 1789 By one, the most common and authoritative version, the project it belongs to V. I. Bazhenov, on the other – or M. F. Kazakov, A. N. Bokarev.
Bazhenov (perhaps together with Kazakov) propisyvaetsya the whole ensemble of the estate of Senator and Governor of Moscow and the Moscow province M. M. Izmailov, who in 1762 was promoted to the suburban village.
The Palace Church in the village of Bykovo is known since the beginning of the XVII century, then it was wooden, Kletsky type. In 1704 here at the Palace founded a stone Church of the Nativity of Christ.
The new owner of the estate, Mikhail Mikhailovich Izmailov, decided to build in Bikov the new Church, and in 1789 carried out this intention.
White stone Church in the style of Russian Gothic (or Gothic revival) has worthy counterparts in the temple architecture of Moscow, and, perhaps, in the Church architecture of Russia.
In the building of two churches – upper in honor of the Vladimir icon of the Mother of God and lower in the basement – the Nativity of Christ.
The main volume of the temple is oval in plan, set on a high basement; from the West it is attached to a rectangular refectory with two towers, bell-towers at the corners.
The main volume of light ends high rotunda with a spire on top; it surrounds a number of these same spires.
On the sides of the oval of the main Church is pierced by a large Lancet Windows, between which are decorative porticos with columns flanking the side entrances. Under the roof held a rich carved cornice.
Tall Windows with astroengineering decorate the refectory, the side facades which top is crowned with a tympanum. On top of the dining hall set low rotunda with a very small spire with a cross. The refectory was expanded in the first half of the nineteenth century.
Looks very impressive temple from the West, from the bell towers.
To the ground before the entrance to the upper Church staircase leads to two shoot, under which is the entrance to the lower Church.
One tower-the bell tower was actually built as the bell tower, with bells, the second – for hours. Round the top tiers of the tower has arched openings and end domes with high spires, the same as over the Central head.
The whole decor of the Church is extremely rich. The variety of details designed in a single Gothic style, the building brings a high upward aspiration, which is expressed not only by pointed spires.
In 1884 next to the Church was a separate bell tower built in imitation of the same style. Some sources call her the architect D. A. Guschin, others I. T. Tamansky.
Inside the temple are decorated in a classic style. The arches rest on four clumps of columns with Corinthian capitals, trim made of artificial marble, with wooden carvings.
The interior was badly damaged in the Soviet times: in 1937 the Church was closed and ruined.
With spires knocked down the crosses, the bell tower remained without bells, many Church vessels and books were destroyed. The building housed a garment factory. Later it was replaced by the warehouse management of garbage. In 1989, the temple was once again given to the believers, restoration work began and worship.