The Gothic quarter in Barcelona
The Gothic quarter of Barcelona . located in the historical and geographical center of the capital of the Autonomous region of Catalonia, in plan is a rectangle with sides approximately 1.2 0.5 km From the East his limits Laetana street, from the South-West of the Ramblas, towards the North-West boundary adjoins an area of Catalonia, the South-Eastern coast is washed by the Mediterranean sea. Here is concentrated the political, cultural, and tourist life in Barcelona: in St. James, seat of the city government and the provincial churches, restaurants and open air musicians, singers and dancers. Thousands of tourists are dissolved in the narrow streets of the medieval quarter, visit the museums, stay for a long time in stores and have a rest after a successful shopping spree in a cafe.
How built up the quarter
Not all objects of the Gothic quarter appeared here in the Middle ages, in the heyday of the Union of the States of the Aragonese crown, an important part of which was the Principality of Catalonia. The first surviving stone objects built in antiquity are the ruins of the city wall, the Palace of Octavian Augustus and aqueduct around the street, Tapineria and New square. Most active in the territory of the future of the Gothic quarter developed in XIII-XIV centuries but since Barcelona went through a series of historical and partnachklamm. Old houses were burning, came under fire, they were destroyed by the earthquake. As a result, by the twentieth century the greater part was rebuilt many times buildings it took the global reconstruction. Modern architecture represents a fusion of Gothic, neoclassical and neo-Gothic style, complemented by the skillful work of restorers.
Gothic buildings and squares
The quarter in General has preserved the medieval layout, although many areas were expanded by the demolition of old buildings. Among the most popular with tourists are the Cathedral of Saint Eulalia, the New square, the Church of Santa Maria del PI.
In the majestic, richly decorated Cathedral, the residence of the Bishop of Barcelona, in the center of the block relics of 14-year-old girl-a Christian who suffered at the hands of pagans in the fourth century. The carved spires of the temple was inspired by Antonio Gaudi’s project for the Sagrada família. The Cathedral’s interior is no less luxurious than the front, courtyard with fountain and miniature garden, open for viewing by visitors, contain white geese, symbolizing the purity and virginity of Saint Eulalia. The Cathedral is open to tourists from 8:00 to 19:30.
The Church of Santa Maria del PI
Located near the metro station “Liceu” building of the XIV century is characterized by simplicity of form. Stone facade, with its colossal 10-meter outlet, restored to its original appearance 80 years ago, and Lancet arch over the entrance. Guests and believers waiting in the Church from 9:30 to 20:30. The historic interior of the Church was seriously damaged during fires and civil war in Spain, remained the only seat in the XVIII century, in Rococo style, the altar is a modern neo-Gothic.
The name should not confuse the tourists confused: actually this is the oldest area of Barcelona, completely built in the XIV century. This is one of the most eclectic architectural ensembles of the Catalan capital. Once it was the edge of a Roman settlement where they took the beginning of the aqueducts, the ruins of which you can observe until now. Next to ancient ruins is a medieval House of the archdeacon with upgraded dark towers, fortifications. The College of architecture on the other side of the New square is decorated with a modern “cave paintings” is a cheerful stylised images of people.
Attractions late eras
On non-recoverable ruins the craftsmen of the past centuries have built new buildings. Among these works of architecture is the Basilica of Saints Justus and Pastor, located 100 m South from the metro station “Jaume I”: the facade was rebuilt in neo-Gothic style, the interior was neoclassical. The Church of San Felipe Neri of the XVII century famous for its Baroque reliefs and sculptures of the facade. Next to the Paseo stands the Church of La mercè, in the eighteenth century built on the ruins of a Gothic Cathedral. She is known among the pilgrims due to stored inside the wooden figure of the virgin of Mercy. This is one of the most revered Catholic landmarks of the city that received the privileged status of a minor Basilica along with the Church of Santa Maria del PI and the Cathedral of Saint Eulalia. 23 September annually religious procession in honor of the sculpture. Secular landmark, the Royal square with a fountain, lanterns designed by Antoni Gaudi, and powerful palm trees appeared only in the XIX century, but that does not prevent it from being a favorite destination of native barcelonans.
The museums of the Gothic quarter
The thematic diversity of the museums of the historical centre of Barcelona satisfies the tastes of the most discerning guests. Exhibition gaudí centre from Diocesan Museum of Barcelona together with the Museum of Art and the Museum Frederic Mares, the famous Catalan sculptor, opened a few dozen meters from the Cathedral of the Holy cross. The Museum of erotica acts near Boulevard Saint Joseph, famous for its flower stalls. The wax Museum is waiting for visitors on the way to Columbus Avenue.
Events in the Gothic quarter
Millennial small hall of St. Ann’s Church is used for concerts masters of the Spanish guitar. On Sundays at St. James everyone is involved in around-Sardana under the sounds of orchestras of folk instruments. In the days of the festivals here are held competitions on the construction of the pyramid of Kasteli. Building blocks of them become the participants of the competition: at the base is placed 8-10 men, they climb on the backs of the representatives of the next level and so on up to 10 floors.
On the borders of the Gothic quarter are metro line 3 Liceu and line 4 “Jaume I”. It is convenient to start exploring Barcelona: the city’s main attractions are within 2 km. Restaurants and cafes can be found literally at every step: in a wide assortment of places of national cuisine, thematic projects, such as the rock cafe, jazz clubs and art cabaret “4 cats”. Once there was exhibited by the young Picasso, played Albeniz. Today the owners of the cabaret try to recreate the Bohemian atmosphere of the early XX century: until one o’clock live piano music, live shows. A number of boutiques, representing brands, not inferior to the number of restaurants. In the quarter a lot of small but expensive hotels.