The Gothic Quarter Of Barcelona
Barcelona and tourism – two things that cannot exist without each other. This city is so unique that they can come back again and again. And, of course, no one of the guests in Barcelona will not be able to pass the famous, mysterious and enchanting Gothic quarter.
It is a romantic place in the heart of the Old town: it originates from the main Plaza de Catalunya and along La Rambla stretches down to the Avenue, via Laietana. Why Gothic?
Because only here are preserved remains of buildings erected in the Middle ages, when Aragon was considered the most powerful nation in the Mediterranean. Barcelona is rightly proud of the architectural structures of past centuries, which, although they have undergone some changes, but still retained his mysterious Gothic style. What is the Gothic quarter in these days and than he will be able to decorate the rest of the tourists?
The Gothic quarter of Barcelona: past and present
Walking through this gloomy, mysterious streets of Barcelona that make up the Gothic quarter, you start to think about what has remained true from the XIV and XV centuries, and that is simply luxurious styling, but nothing more.
From those times in the Gothic quarter remained chaotic layout of streets, typical of medieval cities. Quarter adultescence an abundance of very narrow winding streets, some of whom are forbidden to travel any kind of transport. Still, most of the buildings can be no doubt, date from the XIV-XV centuries, and even survived the imperishable immortal Roman monuments. Yes, the history of the Gothic quarter dates back much further to Roman history. It was inhabited during the reign of the legendary Octavian Augustus, and wore this settlement the name of Barsine, hence the modern name of the city. Archaeologists argue that the site of the modern St. James once stood the Roman forum. You can contemplate the ruins of the Roman walls, which are preserved between the streets of del Sots-Tinent Navarro and Carrer de la Tapineria. The Gothic quarter, many associated with beautiful Cathedral of Saint Eulalia, which is the unofficial symbol of Barcelona.
In the early twentieth century (20-ies) quarter was given to the overhaul, and since then a lot has changed here. Today in the Gothic quarter there are dozens of museums and opened a small stylish shops. On the same property there are two Central buildings of Barcelona: Palau de la Generalitat (the Catalan government) and Barcelona Ayuntamiento (city hall).
The Gothic quarter along with two other, less romantic but no less splendid neighborhoods, the Raval and La Ribera forms the Old town. What sights glorified this legendary quarter?
The sights of the Gothic quarter
Historic sites in the Gothic quarter are found at every step.
1. The Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia is the best example of Gothic Cathedral of the XIII-XV centuries.
The Cathedral is very popular among tourists who are attracted by the sad history of Saint Eulalia, who died at the age of 13 at the hands of the cruel Gentiles. It is considered to be a good patron of Barcelona. Inside the Cathedral there is a cozy patio where visitors can relax and enjoy the peace and quiet. In one of the chapels of the Cathedral live incredible snow-white geese, which seem to be fabulous. In memory of that Saint Eulalia died at the age of 13, the number of geese here invariably: 13.
2. Palau Reial Major is the former residence of the counts of Barcelona and kings of Aragon, which today has a proud name of the Royal Palace.
The history of this magnificent Palace begins in the XI century, so the Revival in architecture there’s not a drop: only Gothic and Romanesque styles. Especially impresses tourists the throne room, which is amazing for its extraordinary dimensions. The antiquities are two buildings that comprise the architectural complex of the Palace:
the watchtower of king martí, which was built in 1555;
the chapel of St. Agatha of the fourteenth century, which stands on the ruins of the Roman wall; here is a real masterpiece of Gothic art – the altarpiece of the Constable.
The Royal square – the square which adorns the whole building of the XVIII century in neoclassical style.
Barcelona – the amazing city of legends, the historical truth which sometimes is so difficult to verify, but not to believe them impossible. With King size is also associated many legends and stories. For example, some argue that it was here in April, 1493 reigning persons Fernando and Isabella received the Christopher Columbus, who at this time returned from his famous voyage to the shores of America.
4. The Area Of St. James .
Huge, spacious area, striking with its size, tells tourists that it is at this place in ancient times crossed the main roads of the ancient Roman settlement of Barcino. In the middle ages here stood the Church of St. Jacob, which gave the square its present name. Now on this square is dominated by the buildings of the Generalitat and Ayuntamiento of Barcelona. On Sundays you can watch the amazing action: the people of Barcelona are dancing their national Catalan dance – the Sardana.
5. “Four cats” – art cabaret, in which he loved to rest such luminaries of the world of culture, Pablo Picasso, Ramon Casas, Rusiñol and Gonzalez.
6. New square – Placa Nova ancient that historians tend to date the XIV century.
More than 800 years ago, on this very place was a bustling market where you can find everything and the most exotic fruits, and the most expensive jewelry, and the cheapest and strongest slaves. Today your attention will be attracted by the so-called “flea market” where you can buy not only conventional cloths or products, but genuine rarities, among which are very valuable specimens.
Before the whole centre was surrounded by a powerful defensive Roman wall, part of which can be found on Placa Nova. On the square miraculously preserved ruins of the ancient Roman aqueduct (like water).
Placa Nova is famous for several interesting historic sights:
the Palace of the bishops of Barcelona stands on a Roman Foundation;
Casa del Ardiaca – the house of the archdeacon Lewis Disply, the rear wall which constitutes a part of a Roman walls where you can contemplate one of the Roman towers amazing beauty; and as the bishops Palace, Casa del Ardiaca stands on Roman foundations.
In any city in Europe you will not find such concentration of buildings in the Gothic style, as in Barcelona. Only this town can boast the Gothic quarter, which takes us into the mysterious world of the past, some of the mysteries which is not solved till now. Passing through these streets and comparing them to the rest of this charming and lovely city, you know that the Gothic quarter is a real, living, tender heart of Barcelona.