Mysterious ancient constructions of the East and Mesoamerica seems a little fantastic, perhaps because of their exoticism. Skeptics can “grasp” that idea and declare that ancient temples of the Mayans and the Sumerians simply because seem to be something supernatural that belong to alien cultures, but because we (Caucasians in this case) perceive them “his” perspective and can’t objectively assess the level of development of ancient civilizations. Perhaps this is so. But, referring to mental differences cannot explain the mystery no less remarkable buildings in Europe, of Course, is that we have not figured out their purpose and do not understand how our ancestors were able to create a similar, possessing only primitive technologies that does not give us the right to declare them the work of extraterrestrial civilizations. However, there are no other scientifically based theory, this assumption cannot be discounted.
Example of mysterious ancient structures in Europe can serve as Stonehenge.
Stonehenge, the ancient cyclopean building, located in the South of England and fully visible only from a great height. Stonehenge is systemcontentfile circles with a diameter of more than a hundred meters, delineated the shafts, holes and large stones-megaliths. Continue reading
The great 20th century architect Le Corbusier believed that architecture is “the art of constructing”.
Many peoples and cultures contributed to the history of architecture. The pioneers were the Greeks, who created three orders, i.e. a special order in the arrangement of the parts of the building: strict — Doric, elegant, Ionian, lush Corinthian. The flowering of Greek architecture dates back to the 5th century, when Athens on the hill of the Acropolis were built by its famous temples.
The heirs of Greek culture the Romans first learned to build stone arches, simple vaults and domes for floors of buildings, began to be used for bonding stones lime mortar. It was a huge step forward in building technology. The most remarkable monuments of Roman architecture belong to the first centuries of our era. Special splendor distinguished buildings designed for entertainment: circuses, amphitheatres, baths. The largest Roman amphitheater, the Colosseum could accommodate 50 thousand spectators. Continue reading
Something about the furniture
The name “Gothic” comes from the Greek and Latin languages: “gothos” and “gotthus”. Goths in ancient Rome were called barbaric foreign tribes that invaded the Empire from the North. Later this word in a distorted way was to meet in the literature of the Italian Renaissance.
As the title style for the first time the word “Gothic” was applied by the great painter Raphael, at the time of the report to the Pope on the construction of the Cathedral of St. Peter, and in that moment, he seems did not even know that she had decided on a new name for one of the greatest styles.
The main idea of this direction is to find answers to the questions – “why is there evil?”, “why is the world so cruel?”. It is believed that the Gothic style originated in Paris in 1136-1140.
In architecture the Gothic style manifested itself through the withdrawal from the dark bulky forms to more graceful and light, ascending up the designs in all their grandeur and monumentality. Continue reading