Interest in the Gothic woke up at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries not only in England but also on the other end of Europe – Czech Republic. And if the pioneer of the “Gothic revival” in the Albion (sort of Giotto, Cimabue, or even) is considered to be the Wren, the Czech “Gothic Baroque” gave birth also mainly one person – Jan Błażej Santini (1677-1723)
At Santini was of Italian roots – his grandfather was a bricklayer and came to Bohemia in the mid-17th century. Father was a bricklayer, and Yan (or Giovanni) IHL was born in Prague and died there.
The surname Santini he and his brother Frank took while in Italy in 1696-99. There the young man came under the influence of the writings of Borromini. Russian Wikipedia says the impact of the Guarini, but his creation Santini, it seems, could only see in the pictures. Continue reading
The first major building to use to cover the main space was applied ribbed arch was the Romanesque Cathedral in Darema (1093-1140 years).
During the penetration of the Gothic style in England in some English cities already towered Romanesque cathedrals, the dimensions of which exceed the needs of the few then of the urban population. Therefore, with the exception of a number of new (Salisbury, Lincoln) and radically reconstructed (York) constructions of Gothic clothing in favor of new influences were superimposed on a pre-existing Romanesque core (Winchester, Chichester, Gloucester).
The development of wool production and the increased export of wool contributed to the emergence of a number of new cities. They had many churches which manifest such characteristics of English Gothic, as the flat end towers and a rectangular apse.
Unlike France, where in a small rural parish churches and often repeats the composition of the largest cathedrals in England these churches are its own type, and the emphasis is placed not on the Central tower (above the crossing), and in the axial tower above the Western facade. Continue reading