The great 20th century architect Le Corbusier believed that architecture is “the art of constructing”.
Many peoples and cultures contributed to the history of architecture. The pioneers were the Greeks, who created three orders, i.e. a special order in the arrangement of the parts of the building: strict — Doric, elegant, Ionian, lush Corinthian. The flowering of Greek architecture dates back to the 5th century, when Athens on the hill of the Acropolis were built by its famous temples.
The heirs of Greek culture the Romans first learned to build stone arches, simple vaults and domes for floors of buildings, began to be used for bonding stones lime mortar. It was a huge step forward in building technology. The most remarkable monuments of Roman architecture belong to the first centuries of our era. Special splendor distinguished buildings designed for entertainment: circuses, amphitheatres, baths. The largest Roman amphitheater, the Colosseum could accommodate 50 thousand spectators. Continue reading
Batumi as any city located in a subtropical climate, has a special exotic. It is located on the coast of the Black sea (Pontus Euxine, or the Sea of Hospitality, as it was called by Greek Argonauts 2500 years ago). Palm trees, cypresses, magnolias, oleanders, lemon and orange trees, thuja and box trees spread their sweet fragrance and grow in this thriving border town. Batumi is an industrial city and old trading port. Here is a great number of various activities among which the greatest pride for the locals is the Dolphinarium. The nearby Botanical gardens. Batumi is a great place for arrival, if your route goes through Turkey, but remember that the guards can be intractable. The road by plane from Batumi to Tbilisi will take about an hour.
Attractions In Batumi
The Botanical garden is a Unique Botanical garden located 9 km North of Batumi. This place is called Green Cape. Examining almost the entire flora of the world botanist and geographer Andrei Krasnov concluded that the Black sea is the ideal place for a magical Botanical garden. At the Batumi Botanical garden has no analogues in the world – this is truly heaven on earth.Thousands of plants from around the world mingle like brothers and sister,creating an example to the people. The garden collection comprises 2037 units of tree species. Only 104 of them are of Caucasian origin, and other representatives of foreign flora. Before the eyes of visitors of the Botanical garden also offers a sea sight. Continue reading
The term “Gothic” is more conventional than “Romanesque art”. It originated in Italy during the Renaissance, when we naively thought that the shape of Lancet arches of medieval architecture evolved from ancient forms of tents ready, supposedly just connecting the crown of trees growing nearby. In this term invested at the same time contempt for all the arts of the middle ages, for the Italians of the Renaissance that invaded the Roman Empire during the “great migration of peoples” the Goths, who founded on its ruins the Kingdom, was always the epitome of barbarism. Subsequently, when related to architecture of the middle ages has changed drastically, this term was retained to refer to late medieval art.
In most European countries the heyday of the Gothic back to XIII—XIV century. Typical for this time is the rapid growth and prosperity of cities. Creative activity now shifts from the monasteries into the hands of the secular masters, combining shop-floor organization.
Architecture . The architecture has developed a distinctive, extremely logical system designs and décor. This system has developed most fully revealed in the construction of large urban cathedrals in France, where he first formed the Gothic style, voshodjaschie to the first half of the XII century. These cathedrals were the pride of towns and, apart from their direct religious purposes, was often used in a secular view for public meetings of citizens. Continue reading