The great 20th century architect Le Corbusier believed that architecture is “the art of constructing”.
Many peoples and cultures contributed to the history of architecture. The pioneers were the Greeks, who created three orders, i.e. a special order in the arrangement of the parts of the building: strict — Doric, elegant, Ionian, lush Corinthian. The flowering of Greek architecture dates back to the 5th century, when Athens on the hill of the Acropolis were built by its famous temples.
The heirs of Greek culture the Romans first learned to build stone arches, simple vaults and domes for floors of buildings, began to be used for bonding stones lime mortar. It was a huge step forward in building technology. The most remarkable monuments of Roman architecture belong to the first centuries of our era. Special splendor distinguished buildings designed for entertainment: circuses, amphitheatres, baths. The largest Roman amphitheater, the Colosseum could accommodate 50 thousand spectators. Continue reading
Stonehenge — the most famous of the megaliths — for centuries stirred the imagination of people. But thousands more not less mysterious prehistoric stone “sphinxes”, is puzzling to the researchers, scattered around the world. Many of these mysterious structures and on the territory of Russia. Alexander Gay, a prominent Russian expert on Eneolithic and bronze age in South-Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, I am sure: there is not enough for one generation.
What are the megaliths and how they differ from each other?
Constructions from huge stones, slabs and blocks were erected by different peoples and in different epochs. The pyramids of Egypt or the temple in Belbek — also megaliths. Just call them so is not accepted. Megalithic research and in wide use called, usually stone monuments of prehistoric peoples who have not reached the level of barbarity or civilization.
In France, on the Atlantic coast — the whole field from thousands of these megaliths, built in parallel rows for miles. In addition, the megaliths are of different types: Nordic seids, the Nuraghe of Sardinia, the Atlantic corridor of the tomb of Europe, which is often now called in Breton Karami; menhirs — standing stones-stelae; stone circles — stone circles; dolmens — tombs with pillars or walls of verticalnaya, usually covered with a flat roof. Continue reading
Batumi as any city located in a subtropical climate, has a special exotic. It is located on the coast of the Black sea (Pontus Euxine, or the Sea of Hospitality, as it was called by Greek Argonauts 2500 years ago). Palm trees, cypresses, magnolias, oleanders, lemon and orange trees, thuja and box trees spread their sweet fragrance and grow in this thriving border town. Batumi is an industrial city and old trading port. Here is a great number of various activities among which the greatest pride for the locals is the Dolphinarium. The nearby Botanical gardens. Batumi is a great place for arrival, if your route goes through Turkey, but remember that the guards can be intractable. The road by plane from Batumi to Tbilisi will take about an hour.
Attractions In Batumi
The Botanical garden is a Unique Botanical garden located 9 km North of Batumi. This place is called Green Cape. Examining almost the entire flora of the world botanist and geographer Andrei Krasnov concluded that the Black sea is the ideal place for a magical Botanical garden. At the Batumi Botanical garden has no analogues in the world – this is truly heaven on earth.Thousands of plants from around the world mingle like brothers and sister,creating an example to the people. The garden collection comprises 2037 units of tree species. Only 104 of them are of Caucasian origin, and other representatives of foreign flora. Before the eyes of visitors of the Botanical garden also offers a sea sight. Continue reading