The great 20th century architect Le Corbusier believed that architecture is “the art of constructing”.
Many peoples and cultures contributed to the history of architecture. The pioneers were the Greeks, who created three orders, i.e. a special order in the arrangement of the parts of the building: strict — Doric, elegant, Ionian, lush Corinthian. The flowering of Greek architecture dates back to the 5th century, when Athens on the hill of the Acropolis were built by its famous temples.
The heirs of Greek culture the Romans first learned to build stone arches, simple vaults and domes for floors of buildings, began to be used for bonding stones lime mortar. It was a huge step forward in building technology. The most remarkable monuments of Roman architecture belong to the first centuries of our era. Special splendor distinguished buildings designed for entertainment: circuses, amphitheatres, baths. The largest Roman amphitheater, the Colosseum could accommodate 50 thousand spectators. Continue reading
Stonehenge — the most famous of the megaliths — for centuries stirred the imagination of people. But thousands more not less mysterious prehistoric stone “sphinxes”, is puzzling to the researchers, scattered around the world. Many of these mysterious structures and on the territory of Russia. Alexander Gay, a prominent Russian expert on Eneolithic and bronze age in South-Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, I am sure: there is not enough for one generation.
What are the megaliths and how they differ from each other?
Constructions from huge stones, slabs and blocks were erected by different peoples and in different epochs. The pyramids of Egypt or the temple in Belbek — also megaliths. Just call them so is not accepted. Megalithic research and in wide use called, usually stone monuments of prehistoric peoples who have not reached the level of barbarity or civilization.
In France, on the Atlantic coast — the whole field from thousands of these megaliths, built in parallel rows for miles. In addition, the megaliths are of different types: Nordic seids, the Nuraghe of Sardinia, the Atlantic corridor of the tomb of Europe, which is often now called in Breton Karami; menhirs — standing stones-stelae; stone circles — stone circles; dolmens — tombs with pillars or walls of verticalnaya, usually covered with a flat roof. Continue reading
If you suddenly have a desire to live in this aristocratic castle, surrounded by its large area, it is necessary not to postpone a visit to the Castello della Oscano. Despite the fact that the castle accepts visitors at any time of the year. Within the walls of this beautiful Italian castle to welcome each guest, as it is now settled hotel.
Castles of Italy is not only a decorative feature of the country, historical monuments and cultural sights, but also quite mundane buildings, which offer tourists luxurious quarters for living and recreation.
Oscano magnificent castle stands on a wooded hill just a few kilometers from the city of Tuscany and historic village of Perugia. Surrounded on all sides by mighty trees, the castle makes a unique impression on each its grandeur and seeming inaccessibility. In the real atmosphere of antiquity and ancient history you can get already in the ancient city of Siena, through the Chianti road that leads directly to the castle of Oscano.
The two main towers and the parapet of the castle were built in 1364, carrying the function of a defensive fortress. Castle of Oscano is the perfect example of a medieval castle, restored by count Telfner retaining all of the strict Italian tradition in the interior, istoricheskoye building with elements of modern design and technology for complete comfort. Continue reading