The great 20th century architect Le Corbusier believed that architecture is “the art of constructing”.
Many peoples and cultures contributed to the history of architecture. The pioneers were the Greeks, who created three orders, i.e. a special order in the arrangement of the parts of the building: strict — Doric, elegant, Ionian, lush Corinthian. The flowering of Greek architecture dates back to the 5th century, when Athens on the hill of the Acropolis were built by its famous temples.
The heirs of Greek culture the Romans first learned to build stone arches, simple vaults and domes for floors of buildings, began to be used for bonding stones lime mortar. It was a huge step forward in building technology. The most remarkable monuments of Roman architecture belong to the first centuries of our era. Special splendor distinguished buildings designed for entertainment: circuses, amphitheatres, baths. The largest Roman amphitheater, the Colosseum could accommodate 50 thousand spectators. Continue reading
Something about the furniture
The name “Gothic” comes from the Greek and Latin languages: “gothos” and “gotthus”. Goths in ancient Rome were called barbaric foreign tribes that invaded the Empire from the North. Later this word in a distorted way was to meet in the literature of the Italian Renaissance.
As the title style for the first time the word “Gothic” was applied by the great painter Raphael, at the time of the report to the Pope on the construction of the Cathedral of St. Peter, and in that moment, he seems did not even know that she had decided on a new name for one of the greatest styles.
The main idea of this direction is to find answers to the questions – “why is there evil?”, “why is the world so cruel?”. It is believed that the Gothic style originated in Paris in 1136-1140.
In architecture the Gothic style manifested itself through the withdrawal from the dark bulky forms to more graceful and light, ascending up the designs in all their grandeur and monumentality. Continue reading
One of the prerequisites for an objective and comprehensive assessment of any historical and architectural phenomenon, such as a specific historical type of buildings, stylistic trends, regional schools, and even individual structures of the ensemble or, as is well known, considering it in the context of the major trends and tendencies of development of world architecture. The Gothic buildings on territorii of Ukraine are striking in their beauty, it’s like a well-maintained site on the well-groomed body, as laser hair removal in the middle of the bristles.
The most common in the study of the architecture of the performance, the artistic value of old buildings should include, in particular, their place in the overall process of formation and evolution of historical styles. The traditional attention of researchers to this aspect of the history of art of construction is caused, first of all, the universality of processes of the style of education that explicitly or implicitly permeates almost all parts of material and spiritual culture – from literature and philosophy to the organization of internal space of buildings. Continue reading