It is also known as Haram Beit Ullah (translated as “the Sacred house of Allah” or “the Forbidden house of Allah”). It is situated in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This mosque is not only the biggest in size and capacity, but also the most important in the lives of followers of Islam.
She is one of the most important Muslim shrines in the courtyard is the heart of the Islamic world – the Kaaba. It is the courtyard of the Holy Haram want lifetime the hearts of believers. Turning to her side, they read namaz five times a day. And everyone has had a chance, to make a pilgrimage to the Kaaba.
Over the centuries the building was regularly rebuilt and reconstructed. The increase in the number of pilgrims constantly demanded more capacity. The last time a major construction on its territory in the 1980s, there was then added two minarets and one building of impressive dimensions. Continue reading
The first major building to use to cover the main space was applied ribbed arch was the Romanesque Cathedral in Darema (1093-1140 years).
During the penetration of the Gothic style in England in some English cities already towered Romanesque cathedrals, the dimensions of which exceed the needs of the few then of the urban population. Therefore, with the exception of a number of new (Salisbury, Lincoln) and radically reconstructed (York) constructions of Gothic clothing in favor of new influences were superimposed on a pre-existing Romanesque core (Winchester, Chichester, Gloucester).
The development of wool production and the increased export of wool contributed to the emergence of a number of new cities. They had many churches which manifest such characteristics of English Gothic, as the flat end towers and a rectangular apse.
Unlike France, where in a small rural parish churches and often repeats the composition of the largest cathedrals in England these churches are its own type, and the emphasis is placed not on the Central tower (above the crossing), and in the axial tower above the Western facade. Continue reading