Prospects of integrated development of underground space
Integrated development of underground space is a natural process of modern urban development. The shortage of land in Metropolitan areas encourages urban planners around the world to find a way…

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The Petersburg defenses during the great Patriotic
After unsuccessful attempts of German troops to take the city by storm in the autumn of 1941. the front line was stabilized along the line of Uritsk - Pulkovo heights…

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MYSTERIOUS ANCIENT CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE SIBERIAN TUNDRA
Hello dear readers. Excuse me in advance apologize for some confusion of my statement and possible pitfalls, for the simple reason that writing this article is my first literary experience.…

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The great architects

The great 20th century architect Le Corbusier believed that architecture is “the art of constructing”.

Many peoples and cultures contributed to the history of architecture. The pioneers were the Greeks, who created three orders, i.e. a special order in the arrangement of the parts of the building: strict — Doric, elegant, Ionian, lush Corinthian. The flowering of Greek architecture dates back to the 5th century, when Athens on the hill of the Acropolis were built by its famous temples.

The heirs of Greek culture the Romans first learned to build stone arches, simple vaults and domes for floors of buildings, began to be used for bonding stones lime mortar. It was a huge step forward in building technology. The most remarkable monuments of Roman architecture belong to the first centuries of our era. Special splendor distinguished buildings designed for entertainment: circuses, amphitheatres, baths. The largest Roman amphitheater, the Colosseum could accommodate 50 thousand spectators. Continue reading

The Gothic churches of Polesie

One of the prerequisites for an objective and comprehensive assessment of any historical and architectural phenomenon, such as a specific historical type of buildings, stylistic trends, regional schools, and even individual structures of the ensemble or, as is well known, considering it in the context of the major trends and tendencies of development of world architecture. The Gothic buildings on territorii of Ukraine are striking in their beauty, it’s like a well-maintained site on the well-groomed body, as laser hair removal in the middle of the bristles.

The most common in the study of the architecture of the performance, the artistic value of old buildings should include, in particular, their place in the overall process of formation and evolution of historical styles. The traditional attention of researchers to this aspect of the history of art of construction is caused, first of all, the universality of processes of the style of education that explicitly or implicitly permeates almost all parts of material and spiritual culture – from literature and philosophy to the organization of internal space of buildings. Continue reading

Seids, Nuraghe, menhirs: what do they contribute?

Stonehenge — the most famous of the megaliths — for centuries stirred the imagination of people. But thousands more not less mysterious prehistoric stone “sphinxes”, is puzzling to the researchers, scattered around the world. Many of these mysterious structures and on the territory of Russia. Alexander Gay, a prominent Russian expert on Eneolithic and bronze age in South-Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, I am sure: there is not enough for one generation.

What are the megaliths and how they differ from each other?

Constructions from huge stones, slabs and blocks were erected by different peoples and in different epochs. The pyramids of Egypt or the temple in Belbek — also megaliths. Just call them so is not accepted. Megalithic research and in wide use called, usually stone monuments of prehistoric peoples who have not reached the level of barbarity or civilization.

In France, on the Atlantic coast — the whole field from thousands of these megaliths, built in parallel rows for miles. In addition, the megaliths are of different types: Nordic seids, the Nuraghe of Sardinia, the Atlantic corridor of the tomb of Europe, which is often now called in Breton Karami; menhirs — standing stones-stelae; stone circles — stone circles; dolmens — tombs with pillars or walls of verticalnaya, usually covered with a flat roof. Continue reading

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Castello della Oscano
If you suddenly have a desire to live in this aristocratic castle, surrounded by its large area, it is necessary not to postpone a visit to the Castello della Oscano.…

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On the moon found the ancient city and the old UFO base
Ken Johnston and Richard Hoagland said that U.S. astronauts found on the moon the ruins of ancient cities and artifacts that speak of the existence in the distant past of…

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