The great 20th century architect Le Corbusier believed that architecture is “the art of constructing”.
Many peoples and cultures contributed to the history of architecture. The pioneers were the Greeks, who created three orders, i.e. a special order in the arrangement of the parts of the building: strict — Doric, elegant, Ionian, lush Corinthian. The flowering of Greek architecture dates back to the 5th century, when Athens on the hill of the Acropolis were built by its famous temples.
The heirs of Greek culture the Romans first learned to build stone arches, simple vaults and domes for floors of buildings, began to be used for bonding stones lime mortar. It was a huge step forward in building technology. The most remarkable monuments of Roman architecture belong to the first centuries of our era. Special splendor distinguished buildings designed for entertainment: circuses, amphitheatres, baths. The largest Roman amphitheater, the Colosseum could accommodate 50 thousand spectators. Continue reading
Something about the furniture
The name “Gothic” comes from the Greek and Latin languages: “gothos” and “gotthus”. Goths in ancient Rome were called barbaric foreign tribes that invaded the Empire from the North. Later this word in a distorted way was to meet in the literature of the Italian Renaissance.
As the title style for the first time the word “Gothic” was applied by the great painter Raphael, at the time of the report to the Pope on the construction of the Cathedral of St. Peter, and in that moment, he seems did not even know that she had decided on a new name for one of the greatest styles.
The main idea of this direction is to find answers to the questions – “why is there evil?”, “why is the world so cruel?”. It is believed that the Gothic style originated in Paris in 1136-1140.
In architecture the Gothic style manifested itself through the withdrawal from the dark bulky forms to more graceful and light, ascending up the designs in all their grandeur and monumentality. Continue reading
Who of us at least once dreamed about a trip to Paris?
The center of Europe, world fashion capital, a city with a rich historical past – the action unfolds immortal Dumas novels, and Druon, whom many of us were read from a young age… In Paris everyone will find something that he likes. But if you’re a fan of mysticism and mysterious phenomena? So, what places is better to visit?
Notre-Dame de Paris (the hunchback of Notre Dame)
Long went the legend that the stone patterns and the ornaments of this building is hidden recipe of the philosopher’s stone. In the late middle Ages, Notre Dame really was a place of alchemical gatherings. After all, its architecture is traditionally correlated with germetikoj, each element – with one or another occult symbol. It is occult and not religious.
So, if you pay attention on ostensibly religious themes stained glass, you’ll find that they are far from Christian tradition. On the Central one – the rose is the virgin Mary dressed in a red cloak, beneath which is seen a green garment when it is traditionally dressed in blue. At the same time, the Freemasons room in the temple, used for initiation rituals in the fifteenth Degree – “Knight of the East and the Sword”, is divided into red and green halves. An accident. Continue reading